Peer-Reviewed Publications

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Securing a Wild Future - Planning for Landscape-Scale Conservation of Yukon's Boreal Mountains

The cumulative effects of unplanned development can result in the piecemeal erosion of ecological values, with significant impacts on wildlife populations. The capacity of Yukon's Boreal Mountains to accommodate additional growth of the development footprint before ecological values and traditional economies are significantly compromised is unknown. Just a single road through a large, continuous block of intact habitat opens an area up to further resource use, wildlife exploitation, land conversion, motorised and non-motorized recreation, and continued expansion of the road network. This study examines the gaps in existing protection and opportunities and priorities for proactive landscape-scale conservation across approximately 290,000 square kilometres of the southern Yukon using the BEACON’s benchmarking modelling approach.

Wolverine habitat selection in response to anthropogenic disturbance in the western Canadian boreal forest

This study evaluated alternative hypotheses that anthropogenic disturbance can attract versus displace wolverines (Gulo gulo luscus). Radiotelemetry was used to track wolverine habitat use over three years in the boreal forests of northwestern Alberta. They used resource selection functions (used/available design) to analyze wolverine habitat selection patterns during summer and winter seasons.

Surveying and Monitoring Wolverines in Ontario and Other Lowland, Boreal Forest Habitats - Recommendations and Protocols

This Northwest Science and Information (NWSI) Field Guide describes the plight of the threatened wolverine and recommendations for monitoring wolverine populations to inform an effective recovery strategy. This document describes techniques for monitoring wolverine populations including aerial track surveys, interviews with local trappers, hair snares, remote cameras, live-trapping, and radio telemetry. Recommendations are made on appropriate techniques based on scale and objectives and survey methods are described for use by conservation managers.

The Transboundry Flathead - A Critical Landscape for Carnivores in the Rocky Mountains

This WCS report describes the importance of the transboundary Flathead area for carnivore conservation by providing information on the region’s five carnivore species (wolf, lynx, marten, wolverine, and grizzly bear) and three key prey species ( moose, elk, and white-tailed deer). The author recommends a transboundary conservation plan that aims to maintain food resources, protect against mortality with networks of core reserves, and maintain connectivity between core reserves.

Conservation Value of Roadless Areas for Vulnerable Fish and Wildlife Species in the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem, Montana

This report provides information for discussions and decisions about the remaining roadless areas in the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem, Montana. The conservation value of 1.33 million acres of roadless areas is assessed for a suite of vulnerable species using latest scientific information about their occurrence and conservation needs.

Safe Havens, Safe Passages for Vulnerable Fish and Wildlife. Critical Landscapes in the Southern Canadian Rockies, British Columbia and Montana.

A conservation strategy that will promote wildlife resiliency in the Southern Canadian Rockies to the future impacts of climate change and road use. The report’s “safe passages and safe havens” were informed in part by an assessment of six iconic species — bull trout, westslope cutthroat trout, grizzly bears, wolverines, mountain goats and bighorn sheep — five of which were ranked as highly vulnerable to projected changes.

Roads, logging, and the large mammal community of an eastern Canadian boreal forest

Large mammals are often among the first species to disappear from a landscape following its settlement by humans, an increasing threat in Ontario’s boreal forest. This forest is a vast, roadless, unlogged region that retains most of its presettlement community of large ungulates and their predators. This study evaluates whether the distribution of caribou and wolverines is limited by the presence of roads, fire suppression, and logging in the contact zone between Ontario’s roadless north and the postlogging southern landscape.

Wolverine, Gulo gulo, home range and denning habitat in lowland boreal forest in Ontario, Canada

Developing strategies for the conservation of Wolverine (Gulo gulo) populations in light of increasing natural resource extraction in remote regions of lowland boreal forest environments is constrained by a lack of basic ecological data in this habitat type. This paper highlights findings from the first radio-telemetry study of Wolverines in northwestern Ontario to determine whether home ranges and movements of Wolverines in lowland boreal forest were typical of this species in other ecosystems and to describe reproductive den sites in this habitat.

Conservation planning with large carnivores and ungulates in eastern North America - learning from the past to plan for the future

This chapter in "Landscape-scale Conservation Planning" explores the potential role of large mammals in conservation planning in the Northern Appalachians/Acadian ecoregion, exploring two major questions: What can we learn from the past about the status of large mammals and the drivers of change, and what can this knowledge tell us about how both to plan for their continued persistence or recovery and to deploy them to help cover at least some of the needs of other, less visible components of biological diversity?


This section in the “Hudson Plains Ecozone & Status and Trends Assessment” report focuses on furbearers, species traditionally trapped or hunted for their fur. It includes species profiles, monitoring efforts, trends, and future concerns for this ecologically, culturally, and economically key group of mammals in the Hudson Plains Ecozone.
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